Self-psychological adjustment of rescue workers
After arriving in the disaster area-write to the post-earthquake rescuers about the psychological relief of the affected people. When the disaster just happened, based on trying to understand and feel the survivors of the disaster, say: I feel sorry for the pain and danger you have experienced.
You are safe now (if this person is really safe).
this is not your fault.
Your response is the normal response to an unusual event.
It is normal for you to feel this way, and everyone with similar experiences may respond very well.
It must be very sad / painful to see / hear / aware / smell.
Your reaction now is treasured, you will not go crazy.
It may not always be this way, it will get better, and you will get better.
You should not restrain your emotions now, cry, anger, hate, want revenge, etc. You have to express it.
Don’t say: I know what you feel.
You are lucky to survive.
You can be lucky to get something out.
You are lucky, you have other children / relatives and so on.
You are young and able to continue your life / to find another person.
The person you love didn’t suffer too much when they died.
She / he has gone to a better place / happier now.
Good things happen outside of tragedy.
You will come out.
Nothing will happen, everything will be fine.
You shouldn’t feel this way.
Time heals all wounds.
You should go back to your life and continue.
For yourself-the helper’s self-protection to protect your rescuers who feel the quake and other major disasters, often there will be severe disability and even psychological breakdown due to sympathy and empathy for the survivors and their wounds.
The disaster site is like a battlefield, so when you arrive at the scene, please pay attention to self-adjustment in a timely manner and seek professional help when necessary.
Signs and manifestations of psychological breakdown: physical response: fatigue, physical decline, extreme physical fatigue, lack of rest and sleep, prone to physical discomfort, such as dizziness, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, nervousness, inability to relaxOther psychological reactions: traumatic reactions and interpersonal conflicts. Poor communication with others. Emotional dullness. Loss of faith in fairness, good and evil. Cynical numbness to everything they experience. May feel angry because of mental exhaustion and exhaustion.，内疚和羞耻，感到自己的问题与受灾者划分微不足道觉得自己本可以做的更好，做得更多而产生罪恶感，怀疑自己是否已经尽力 对于自己也需要接受帮助，觉得尴尬，难堪过份I am sad for the victim, why do you feel such depression? Lack of a rest system, too much workload, lack of guidance from others, rescuers have their own personal injuries, high expectations of themselves, and better help the victims of the earthquake disaster, how should youCoping to ensure access: rest, diet, support, expression consolidation和Improve your own social support system: keep in touch with family and friends. Colleagues support each other and discuss and share your feelings and disaster relief experiences with colleagues in a timely manner (if possible, find a time to rescue people to share their emotions with each other). Find放松和娱乐自己的方法，安排好充分的休息和娱乐定时定量的饮食，不管是不是有胃口 避免不必要的伤害（如果可能尝试不去其他灾难的现场）。
Pay attention to rest (don’t always be with the victim or survivor, you must have rescuers alone every day) to find a way to express yourself: think about how to better talk about the situation you encounter, the work you do and the workThe difficulties encountered in the process encourage and encourage each other, encourage and affirm each other. Never blame each other for allowing yourself to have some interacting emotions, and express and vent.